Growing Papaya Tree and Care

The Papaya, or Pawpaw, tree originated in South America and Mexico but has now spread to basically anywhere with a tropical climate. There are many varieties of Papaya fruit, but the main types of Papaya fruit recognized in the U.S. are Red Lady, Maradol, and various Solo types.

how-to-grow-papaya

In order to be successful when growing Papaya trees, you will need a frost free climate, a good amount of sunlight, along with water and good nutrient rich soil. If grown successfully, a Papaya tree will begin producing fruit in 6-12 months.

Growing Tips for Papayas:

  • Climate: Papayas thrive in tropical climates for they do not have a good resistance to freezing temperatures and will consistently burn or die if the temperature drops below freezing.
  • Pollination: Only the female plants produce fruit. Much like any other plant, the Papaya relies on insect pollination between a male and a female to produce fruit
  • Sun Light: Grow best in full exposure to sunlight. Papayas are very well acclimated to the heat and flourish in it.
  • Fertilize: Papayas require regular fertilizing due to their nature of heavy feeding. Adding a compost is also recommended to further enrich the soil with nutrients.
  • Water: Papayas require more watering than your usual tree due to their large soft leaves. The leaves have an extreme amount of surface area and are able to evaporate water quickly.
  • Soil: Papayas do best in rich soil that is saturated with a high content of organic matter. Make sure your planting location and soil have good drainage and nutrients to avoid rot.
  • Harvesting: In general, fruit is picked when there is about 1/3 color change in the fruit. After picking, keep at room temperature to fully ripen. Ripe fruit will stay good for about a week when kept in the refrigerator.